Bacterial infections of the skin
There are various types of bacterial skin infections, from light to severe. Some can be life threatening as well.
Especially, for diabetes patient when suffer a foot or leg injury, it takes a long time to heal.
Skin infection and the bacterial Impetigo
Impetigo is contagious and is caused by staphylococcus or streptococcus. Symptoms are the formation of pus-filled bumps in skin infections. These bumps look like
blisters, ranging in size from pea to bulla, and are itchy. In some patients, mostly children, impetigo can occur in any part of the body, commonly in the face and limbs.
Impetigo appears in a single or a group of blisters filled with pus; easy to pop and when broken leave a reddish raw-looking base.
Folliculitis, Furunculosis and Carbuncle
Folliculitis is an infection caused by hair follicle inflammation. This inflammation is caused when a hair follicle opening gets clogged causing irritation and flushing. Due to infection damages the hair is easy to pull out. The infection can be superficial (follicular impetigo or Bockhart’s impetigo) or deep (sycosis barbae).
Boil is a skin infection that occurs around the hair follicles. It appears to be red and swollen at first. Then a tender lump develops, causing pain. The center of a boil often emits white blood pus. Some people develop recurrent, multiple boils (furunculosis). The neck, breast, face, buttocks, nose, ears or fingers; are the most common places where boils appear. Sometimes it occurs on the eyelid. This is called a sty. If several boils appear in a group, this is a more serious type of infection called a carbuncle.
Carbuncle is formed by the fusion of multiple boils. Deep skin fester and lead to the formation of carrion, leaving large scars.
Carbuncle cures more slowly than single boils. Often fever and weakness accompany this type of infection.
Carbuncle occurrs most common in men in the neck. The elderly and diabetics are more susceptible to carbuncle.
Paronychia is the (toe) around the infection. It can cause a serious infection if it’s not properly treated.
Infection often caused by a thorn, manicure too much or damage caused by chronic irritation to the skin. It fills with pus, swells and can cause severe pain if it’s serious.
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a widespread skin infection, large areas of skin exfoliation, like burns.
Certain types of staphylococci produce a toxic substance and can make layers of the skin separate from the rest.
Skin infections caused by Staphylococcus sometimes lead to toxic shock syndrome, a serious life-threatening disease.
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome usually occurs in infants, young children and people with compromised immune systems.
Hands can be contaminated with Staphylococcus causing medical staff to pass the bacteria from one baby to another baby, sometimes leading to pop in the baby room.
Usually it begin as scab infections like impetigo. These are common in the first few days of birth in the baby’s diaper area or around the navel.Children from 1 to 6 years old get the scabs in the nose or ear. The scab then turns into a blister. These blisters are easy to break. Often the skin begins to peel or gently pressure will cause a large piece of skin to exfoliate. After 1 or 2 days the child may get fever, chills and be very weak. The large loss of skin hinders the body’sability to protect against other invading bacteria and other microorganisms. Scab appeared around day scarlet flushing area, and pain. Exudate and the evaporation of the considerable loss of body fluids, causes water and electrolyte imbalance.