How to treat diabetic skin ulcer
Diabetic skin ulcers, injury, and bacterial infections disease There are various types of bacterial skin infections, from light to severe and can be a life treathening as well. Especially, diabetic patients who suffer a foot or leg injury, it takes a long time to heal. Sometimes they won’t heal at all; the wound just gets bigger and deeper. An infection makes it worse and can cause amputation or death.
Why diabetic patients’ wounds don’t heal properly
In a diabetic patient any skin bacterial infection or injury should be treated carefully. Due to the poor blood circulation, the blood cells are unable to absorb most of the nutrients that is vital to healing process. In addition, weaker immune syatems and nerve damage makes it even harder to heal. Therefore any skin infections on a diabetic patient takes very long time to heal or will never heal.
What is an Ulcer?
An ulcer- is basically an open wound, whether it is internal in the stomach or on the skin as in a pressure sore.
In many cases external ulcers are severe enough to go to the bone, even causing osteomyelitis (infection of the bone).
Diabetic ulcers are commonly found on the toes or on pressure points of the foot – the ball, heel, and side of the foot. Tight fitting shoes can make
a person particularly vulnerable. However, ulcers can occur anywhere on the body that gets cut or injured then fails to heal properly.
Ulcers – can also be caused by bacterial infection, especially impetigo, cellulitis, ecthyma (an inflammatory skin disease
characterized by large flat pustules that ulcerate and become crusted). In rare cases they can even be caused by
tuberculosis or leprosy. Skin cancer can also be a precipitating factor in skin ulcers. Suspicious areas should be
diagnosed with a skin biopsy. Other less common causes of ulcers, include systemic diseases such as systemic sclerosis,
vasculitis and various skin conditions especially pyoderma gangrenosum. Ulcers may be acute, meaning they show signs of
healing in less then 4 weeks, or chronic, those that persist for longer than 4 weeks.